executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: parliamentary republic
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 1 January 1948; amended many times
legal system: based on civil law system; appeals treated as new trials; judicial review under certain conditions in Constitutional Court;
legislative system: bicameral Parliament consisting of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies
judicial system: Constitutional Court, composed of 15 judges (a third appointed by the Head of State, a third by Parliament, a third by the ordinary and administrative supreme courts)
religion: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: