executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal parliamentary republic
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: adopted 1 August 2012 (provisional); in late December 2020, the president signed a decree blocking the approval of amendments
legal system: mixed legal system of civil law, Islamic (sharia) law, and customary law (referred to as Xeer); accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: bicameral Federal Parliament to consist of Senate and House of the People
judicial system: the provisional constitution stipulates the establishment of the Constitutional Court (consists of 5 judges, including the chief judge and deputy chief judge); federal courts; federal member state-level courts; military courts; sharia courts
religion: Sunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the 2012 Transitional Federal Charter)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 31
executions: 40
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment





Death sentences issued by military tribunals


Death penalty for terrorism


Death penalty for violent crimes