executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal parliamentary republic
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: ratified on 15 October 2005
legal system: mixed legal system of civil and Islamic law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: unicameral Council of Representatives of Iraq (Majlis an-Nuwwab al-Iraqiyy or COR)
judicial system: Federal Supreme Court or FSC (consists of 9 judges); Court of Cassation (consists of a court president, 5 vice presidents, and at least 24 judges); Courts of Appeal (governorate level); civil courts, including first instance, personal status, labor, and customs; criminal courts including felony, misdemeanor, investigative, major crimes, juvenile, and traffic courts
religion: Muslim (official) 95-98% (Shia 61-64%, Sunni 29-34%), Christian 1% (includes Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Assyrian Church of the East), other 1-4% (2015 est.)
death row: at least 6000, as of Decmber 2017 according the UN Committee for Human Rights. On 30 December 2016, the Justice Ministry disclosed that there are about 300 death-convicts are in Iraqi prisons, but the execution verdicts were not implemented till now.
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 26
executions: 45
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Death penalty for foreign nationals


Death penalty for drug-related crimes


Death penalty for terrorism


Death penalty for violent crimes





Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania