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The Supreme People's Court of China
CHINA CONVICTS 99% OF DEFENDANTS IN CRIMINAL TRIALS. REVERSING A CONVICTION IS HARD

June 30, 2024:

China has a conviction rate of more than 99%. That means some people may be wrongfully convicted of crimes they did not commit.
China's legal system has introduced reforms, but with limited effect.
NPR's Emily Feng reports on one man's 20-year fight on China's death row.
“This month, a man named Yuan Weidong had his fourth trial on charges of murder. Twice courts in China's Hebei Province ruled the evidence presented against him was heavily flawed, and twice lower circuit courts retried him, found him guilty, and sentenced him to the death penalty again. Yuan was arrested in 2002 in a case that relies almost entirely on forced confessions.
This is Yuan's wife, Li Jie. She recounts seeing her husband about a month after he'd been arrested on suspicion of two clusters of murders. His face, she said, was unrecognizable from being beaten, his body misshapen. And then it was her turn to be questioned. Bright yellow - that was the color Li says she remembers. It was the color of the jacket she wore the day she was detained.
Then she was repeatedly electrocuted by five officers, she recounted. They also beat her, forcing her to testify against her husband. When they released her 12 days later, that yellow coat was covered in blood, she said.
Upon hearing that his wife was being tortured, Yuan readily confessed, says this man, the only lawyer from their home province who would take their case. His name is Lv Baoxiang.
Lv specializes in wrongful conviction cases, all of them based on forced confessions using electrocution.
Yuan was later cleared of the first set of murders in 2009. And on the second set, Lv says he discovered what he thought was a watertight alibi. Yuan had gone to pay an agricultural tax at the time of those murders. There were tax officials who witness Yuan paying and a time-stamped payment receipt. Yet Yuan remains on death row. The original judge presiding over Yuan's case has actually been promoted. The Provincial Justice Ministry did not respond when NPR asked them for comment about Yuan's case. Chi Yin, a scholar at New York University's U.S.-Asia Law Institute who studies wrongful convictions, says Yuan's case persists despite legal reform since 2012, requiring video recording of interrogation from the beginning to the end.
Being able to exclude evidence illegally gathered, including from torture. China now says it has about eight to 900 retrials a year. In one notable case, a court paid out compensation for mental trauma to a man exonerated from his life sentence after the alleged victim walked back to his village alive and well. This is all encouraging says Chi Yin, but she says overturning previous wrongful convictions is still difficult.
Usually when there's lots of pressure to admit to a mistake, people's reactions is not to admit it.
And Yuan's case remains beset by legal difficulties. After more than 20 years on death row, Yuan is in poor health and suffering from stomach cancer. Police have lost most of the original evidence. Lv, his original lawyer, has retired, and his current lawyer joined last minute after their previous lawyer was disbarred for representing other human rights cases.
Wang Xing, the current lawyer, told NPR right after the trial this month that one of their key witnesses did show up, despite earlier state intimidation not to. So he's optimistic the court may clear Yuan. Now, the court is deliberating, and the Yuan family is hoping the fourth time is the charm.

(Source: NPR, 25/06/2024)

IRAN - Habib Shojaei executed in Sari on June 30
IRAN - Ali-Allah Bakhsh and Afzal-Allah Bakhsh executed in Shiraz on June 30
IRAN - 4 men executed in Mashhad on June 30
IRAN - Ahmad-Reza Jalali on Fourth Day of Hunger Strike
USA - Oklahoma. Richard Rojem, 66, White, was executed
USA - Delaware. Senate passes abolition of death penalty
USA - Florida. Ysrael Granda sentenced to death
MALAYSIA: FEDERAL COURT UPHOLDS DEATH SENTENCE OF FORMER BUSINESSMAN FOR MURDER OF UUM GRADUATE 18 YEARS AGO 
IRAN - Idris Áli sentenced to death
USA - Texas. Ramiro Gonzales, 41, Hispanic, was executed
USA - Florida. Jury recommends death penalty for Zephen Xaver
IRAN - Naser Rahimi (Rakhshani) executed in Qaen on June 26
USA - Tennessee. New Death Penalty Law Going Into Effect On July 1st
PAKISTAN: MAN SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR BURNING WIFE ALIVE
CHINA THREATENS DEATH PENALTY FOR 'DIEHARD' TAIWAN SEPARATISTS
USA - Florida. Judge sentences Bessman Okafor to death
USA - Florida. Jury Recommends Death Penalty for Wade Wilson
IRAN - Nategh Hosseini executed in Qazvin on June 22
IRAN - Supreme Court Overturns Rapper Toomaj Salehi's Death Sentence
USA - Texas. David Roeder added with number 199 to the
NIGERIA: COURT SENTENCES TWO TO DEATH IN JIGAWA
IRAN - Law enforcement forces kill 18-year-old girl Raziyeh Rahmani
IRAN - UN Secretary-General’s report on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran
IRAN - Javaid Rehman’s New Report on the Massacre of Political Prisoners in the ‘80s
USA - Texas. Kerry Max Cook exonerated
IRAN - Nobel Laureate Narges Mohammadi Sentenced to Additional Year in Prison
INDIA: WOMAN AWARDED DEATH PENALTY FOR STABBING MOTHER-IN-LAW 90 TIMES
SWEDEN SUMMONS IRAQI DIPLOMAT TO PROTEST DEATH PENALTIES REPORTEDLY HANDED TO 2 SWEDES
BANGLADESH: 3 AWARDED CAPITAL PUNISHMENT FOR MURDER IN NARAIL
USA - Delaware. House passes bill to eliminate death penalty in Delaware

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IRAN - Wife of Djalali pleads for EU action
  IRAN - Hands off Cain Year End Report: At least 284 executions in 2020  
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  IRAN. HANDS OFF CAIN, REDUCTION OF DRUG EXECUTIONS BUT NUMBERS REMAIN WORRISOME  
  HUMAN RIGHTS: DEMONSTRATION OF THE RADICAL PARTY BEFORE IRANIAN EMBASSY 14 FEBRUARY  
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