executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 5 February 1917; amended many times, last in 2020
legal system: civil law system with US constitutional law influence; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: bicameral National Congress (Congreso de la Unión) consists of Senate (Cámara de Senadores) and Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados)
judicial system: Supreme Court of Justice or Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación (consists of the chief justice and 11 justices and organized into civil, criminal, administrative, and labor panels) and the Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary (organized into the superior court, with 7 judges including the court president, and 5 regional courts, each with 3 judges); federal level includes circuit, collegiate, and unitary courts; state and district level courts
religion: Roman Catholic 78%, Protestant/evangelical Christian 11.2%, other 0.002%, unaffiliated (includes atheism) 10.6% (2020 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



United States of America and Canada