executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal parliamentary democracy (Parliament of Canada) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm; federal and state authorities and responsibilities regulated in constitution
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 17 April 1982; amended 11 times, last in 2011 (Fair Representation Act, 2011)
legal system: common law system except in Quebec, where civil law based on the French civil code prevails; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: bicameral Parliament (Parlement) consists of Senate (Senat) and House of Commons (Chambre des Communes)
judicial system: Supreme Court of Canada (consists of the chief justice and 8 judges); Federal Court of Appeal; Federal Court; Tax Court; federal administrative tribunals; Courts Martial; provincial superior, appeals, first instance, and specialized courts
religion: Christian 53.3%, Muslim 4.9%, Hindu 2.3%, Sikh 2.1%, Buddhist 1%, Jewish 0.9%, Traditional (North American Indigenous) 0.2%, other religions and traditional spirituality 0.6%, none 34.6% (2021 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment








United States of America and Canada