executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: constitutional monarchy that is also a parliamentary democracy and a federation
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 17 April 1982; Charter of rights and customary norms
legal system: based on English common law, except for Quebec, where the system is founded on French law
legislative system: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate and the House of Commons
judicial system: Supreme Court, judges are appointed by the Prime Minister through the Governor General; Federal Court of Canada; Federal Court of Appeal; Provincial Courts
religion: Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3%, other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences:
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



United States of America and Canada