executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: repubblica costituzionale
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: February 1967, constitutional reform approved by referendum on 7 January 1997
legal system: based on Spanish law
legislative system: bicameral General Assembly consists of Chamber of Senators and Chamber of Representatives
judicial system: Supreme Court whose judges are nominated by the president and elected for 10-year terms by the General Assembly
religion: Catholic majority
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



South America