executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: republican parliamentary democracy
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 7 November 1982, amended a number of times, most recently in 2007( after a referendum)
legal system: refers to various European systems
legislative system: unicameral Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Turkiye Buyuk Millet Meclisi)
judicial system: Constitutional Court; High Court of Appeals (Yargitay); Council of State (Danistay); Court of Accounts (Sayistay); Military High Court of Appeals; Military High Administrative Court
religion: Muslim 99.8%
death row: 120
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: