executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: semi-presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 25 October 1992; amended many times, last in 2019
legal system: civil law system; legislative acts can be appealed to the Constitutional Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: Unicameral Parliament (Seimas)
judicial system: Supreme Court (consists of 37 judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 judges); Court of Appeals; district and local courts
religion: Roman Catholic 74.2%, Russian Orthodox 3.7%, Old Believer 0.6%, Evangelical Lutheran 0.6%, Evangelical Reformist 0.2%, other (including Sunni Muslim, Jewish, Greek Catholic, and Karaite) 0.9%, none 6.1%, unspecified 13.7% (2021 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: