executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: Parliamentary republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: a new constitution was adopted by popular referendum on 28 November 1998
legal system: has a civil law system
legislative system: unicameral People's Assembly (Kuvendi)
judicial system: Constitutional Court, Supreme Court (chairman is elected by the People's Assembly for a four-year term), and multiple appeals and district courts
religion: Religion: 70% Muslim; 20% Orthodox; 10% Catholic
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: