executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: in transition
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: 16 May 1991; amended several times, last in 2009; conflict in 2015 interrupted draft of new constitution
legal system: mixed legal system of Islamic (sharia) law, Napoleonic law, English common law, and customary law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral Parliament (Majlis) consists of Shura Council (Majlis Alshoora) and House of Representatives (Majlis al Nuwaab)
judicial system: Supreme Court (consists of the court president, 2 deputies, and nearly 50 judges; court organized into constitutional, civil, commercial, family, administrative, criminal, military, and appeals scrutiny divisions); appeal courts; district or first instance courts; commercial courts
religion: Muslim 99.1% (official; virtually all are citizens, an estimated 65% are Sunni and 35% are Shia), other 0.9% (includes Jewish, Baha'i, Hindu, and Christian; many are refugees or temporary foreign residents) (2020 est.)
death row: approximately 1.000
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 5
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment





Death penalty for non violent crimes


Death penalty for violent crimes





Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania