government: Parliamentary republic
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 30 July 1980
legal system: Refers to French and English codes
legislative system: Unicameral Parliament
judicial system: Supreme Court, chief justice is appointed by the president after consultation with the prime minister and the leader of the opposition, three other justices are appointed by the president on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission
religion: Christian majority
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
There have been no executions since independence on July 30, 1980.
On December 17, 2018, Vanuatu voted in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly. It cosponsored the text in 2014.