executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federation with specified powers delegated to the UAE federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates - federation of monarchies
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: 2 December 1971; made permanent in 1996
legal system: based on a dual system of Shari'a and civil courts
legislative system: unicameral Federal National Council (Majlis al-Ittihad al-Watani)
judicial system: Union Supreme Court whose judges are appointed by the Head of State
religion: Muslim 96% (Shi'a 16%), other (includes Christian, Hindu) 4%
death row: at least 25 (up to the end of 2014, according to Amnesty International)
year of last executions: 6-12-2012
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania