executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: constitutional monarchy
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: signed into law by the king on April 6, 2017; amended November 2021
legal system: civil law system with common law influences; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral National Assembly (Ratthasapha) consists of Senate (Wuthisapha) and House of Representatives (Saphaphuthan Ratsadon)
judicial system: Supreme Court of Justice (consists of the court president, 6 vice presidents, 60-70 judges, and organized into 10 divisions); Constitutional Court (consists of the court president and 8 judges); Supreme Administrative Court (number of judges determined by Judicial Commission of the Administrative Courts); courts of first instance and appeals courts within both the judicial and administrative systems; military courts
religion: Buddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.3%, Christian 1%, other <0.1%, none <0.1% (2015 est.)
death row: 477, including 50 women (as of 17 October 2017, according the Department of Corrections). About 50% had been convicted of drug-related offences.
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 2
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment





Death penalty for violent crimes



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania