executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: constitutional monarchy
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: signed into law by the king on April 6, 2017; amended November 2021
legal system: civil law system with common law influences; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral National Assembly (Ratthasapha) consists of Senate (Wuthisapha) and House of Representatives (Saphaphuthan Ratsadon)
judicial system: Supreme Court of Justice (consists of the court president, 6 vice presidents, 60-70 judges, and organized into 10 divisions); Constitutional Court (consists of the court president and 8 judges); Supreme Administrative Court (number of judges determined by Judicial Commission of the Administrative Courts); courts of first instance and appeals courts within both the judicial and administrative systems; military courts
religion: Buddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.3%, Christian 1%, other <0.1%, none <0.1% (2015 est.)
death row: 477, including 50 women (as of 17 October 2017, according the Department of Corrections). About 50% had been convicted of drug-related offences.
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 18
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Death penalty for violent crimes



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania