executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 16 August 1978, amended 20 December 2001
legal system: a highly complex mixture of English common law, Roman-Dutch, Kandyan, and Jaffna Tamil law;
legislative system: unicameral Parliament
judicial system: Supreme Court and Court of Appeals (judges are appointed by the President)
religion: Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10%
death row: 1299 (as of 31 december 2018, according to the Minister of Justice)
year of last executions: 23-6-1976
death sentences: 16
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Death penalty for violent crimes



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania