executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 31 August 1978; amended many times, last in 2020
legal system: mixed legal system of Roman-Dutch civil law, English common law, Jaffna Tamil customary law, and Muslim personal law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: unicameral Parliament
judicial system: Supreme Court of the Republic (consists of the chief justice and 9 justices); Court of Appeals; High Courts; Magistrates' Courts; municipal and primary courts
religion: Buddhist (official) 70.2%, Hindu 12.6%, Muslim 9.7%, Roman Catholic 6.1%, other Christian 1.3%, other 0.05% (2012 est.)
death row: 1299 (as of 31 december 2018, according to the Minister of Justice)
year of last executions: 23-6-1976
death sentences: 7
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Death penalty for violent crimes



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania