executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: monarchy
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: non-existent
legal system: based on english common law and Islamic law; Sultan has power to grant clemency
legislative system: bicameral Majlis Oman consists of an upper chamber (Majlis ad-Dawla) and a lower chamber (Majlis ash-Shura)
judicial system: Supreme Court
religion: Ibadhi Muslim 75%, Sunni Muslim, Shi'a Muslim, Hindu
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-2009
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania