executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 31 August 1957 (amended many times, latest in 2007)
legal system: based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court at request of supreme head of the federation; Islamic law is applied to Muslims in matters of family law and religion;
legislative system: bicameral Parliament (Parlimen) consists of Senate (Dewan Negara) and the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat)
judicial system: Civil Courts include Federal Court, Court of Appeal, High Court of Malaya on peninsula Malaysia, and High Court of Sabah and Sarawak; Sharia Courts include Sharia Appeal Court, Sharia High Court, and Sharia Subordinate Courts; decisions of Sharia courts cannot be appealed to civil courts
religion: Muslim 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3, others
death row: 1,341 as of February 2022
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 2
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Death penalty for drug-related crimes


Death penalty for violent crimes



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania