executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: parliamentary republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 23 May 1926, amended several times, most recently in 1990
legal system: contains elements of Ottoman, Canon, Napoleonic and civil law
legislative system: Unicameral National Assembly (Majlis Alnuwab)
judicial system: four Courts of Cassation; Constitutional Council (rules on constitutionality of laws); Supreme Council (hears charges against the president and prime minister as needed)
religion: Muslim 59.7% (Shi'a, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite or Nusayri), Christian 39%; other 1.3%
death row: at least 100 (2016)
year of last executions: 0-1-2004
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania