executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: first post-independence constitution adopted 28 January 1993; new constitution adopted by national referendum 30 August 1995
legal system: based on Islamic law and Roman law;
legislative system: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate and the Majilis
judicial system: Supreme Court; Constitutional Council
religion: Muslim 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, Protestant 2%, other 7%
death row: 27 (as of 30/09/2004)
year of last executions: 0-11-2003
death sentences:
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)





United Nations



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania