executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: May 3, 1947
legal system: modeled on the German civil law system with Anglo-American influence; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court
legislative system: bicameral Diet (Kokkai) consists of the House of Councillors (Sangi-in) and the House of Representatives (Shugi-in)
judicial system: Supreme Court (the chief justice is appointed by the monarch after designation by the cabinet, all other justices are appointed by the cabinet)
religion: Shinto and Buddhist majorities; Catholic, Protestant and Orthodox minorities
death row: 116 (Justice Ministry, July 2018)
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:








Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania