executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 3 May 1947; no amendments since
legal system: civil law system based on German model; system also reflects Anglo-American influence and Japanese traditions; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: bicameral Diet (Kokkai) consists of the House of Councillors (Sangi-in) and the House of Representatives (Shugi-in)
judicial system: Supreme Court or Saiko saibansho (consists of the chief justice and 14 associate justices); 8 High Courts (Koto-saiban-sho), each with a Family Court (Katei-saiban-sho); 50 District Courts (Chiho saibansho), with 203 additional branches; 438 Summary Courts (Kani saibansho)
religion: Shintoism 70.5%, Buddhism 67.2%, Christianity 1.5%, other 5.9% (2019 est.); total adherents exceeds 100% because many people practice both Shintoism and Buddhism
death row: 116 (Justice Ministry, July 2018)
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 2
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Commutation of death sentences


Death penalty for violent crimes





Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania