executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: Parliamentary democracy
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: no formal constitution; some of the functions of a constitution are filled by the Declaration of Establishment (1948), the basic laws of the parliament (Knesset), and the Israeli citizenship law. Since May 2003 The Constitution Committee has been working on a draft constitution
legal system: based on common law, and, for the rights of the individual, on Jewish, Christian and Muslim codes
legislative system: unicameral parliament (Knesset)
judicial system: Supreme Court (justices appointed by Judicial Selection Committee - mandatory retirement age is 70)
religion: 76% Jewish; 16% Muslim; Christian
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:








Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania