executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal parliamentary republic
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: ratified on 15 October 2005 (subject to review by the Constitutional Review Committee and a possible public referendum)
legal system: based on European civil and Islamic law under the framework outlined in the Iraqi Constitution;
legislative system: Council of Representatives
judicial system: the Iraq Constitution calls for the federal judicial power to be comprised of the Higher Juridical Council, Federal Supreme Court, Federal Court of Cassation, Public Prosecution Department, Judiciary Oversight Commission and other federal courts that are regulated in accordance with the law
religion: Muslim 97% (Shi'a 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%
death row: at least 6000, as of Decmber 2017 according the UN Committee for Human Rights. On 30 December 2016, the Justice Ministry disclosed that there are about 300 death-convicts are in Iraqi prisons, but the execution verdicts were not implemented till now.
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 14
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Death penalty for terrorism



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania