executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: August 1945, abrogated in 1949, reintroduced 5 july 1959, amended a number of times, most recently in 2002
legal system: based on Roman-Dutch law, modified by traditional elements and by new criminal procedure law
legislative system: People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat or MPR) is the upper house; it consists of members of the DPR and DPD and has role in inaugurating and impeaching the president and in amending the constitution but does not formulate national policy; House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat or DPR); House of Regional Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah or DPD) constitutionally mandated role includes providing legislative input to DPR on issues affecting regions
judicial system: Supreme Court (Mahkamah Agung), the judges are appointed by the president; Constitutional Court; Labor Court;
religion: 87% Muslim; 9% Christian; 2% Hindu; 1% Buddhist
death row: 262 (AI), 165 (HRI) end 2017
year of last executions: 29-7-2016
death sentences: 1
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Death penalty for violent crimes



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania