executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: August 1945, abrogated in 1949, reintroduced 5 july 1959, amended a number of times, most recently in 2002
legal system: civil law system based on the Roman-Dutch model and influenced by customary law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat or MPR) consists of the Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah) and the House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat or DPR); the Regional Representative Council has no legislative authority
judicial system: Supreme Court or Mahkamah Agung (51 judges divided into 8 chambers); Constitutional Court or Mahkamah Konstitusi (consists of 9 judges); High Courts of Appeal; district courts; religious courts
religion: Muslim 87.2%, Protestant 7%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Hindu 1.7%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist and Confucian), unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)
death row: 262 (AI), 165 (HRI) end 2017
year of last executions: 29-7-2016
death sentences: 9
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment





Death penalty for drug-related crimes


Commutation of death sentences


Death penalty for violent crimes





Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania