executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal parliamentary republic
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 26 January 1950; amended many times
legal system: based on English common law; limited judicial review of legislative acts
legislative system: bicameral Parliament (Sansad) consists of the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and the People's Assembly (Lok Sabha)
judicial system: Supreme Court, judges are appointed by the president and remain in office until they reach the age of 65
religion: 80% Hindu; 11% Muslim; 2% Christian; 2% Sikh; Buddhist and other minorities
death row: 539 (december 2022, Project 39A )
year of last executions: 21-11-2012
death sentences: 12
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Death penalty for rape


Death penalty for terrorism


Commutation of death sentences


Death penalty for violent crimes





Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania