executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential limited democracy; a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: Basic Law approved in March 1990 by China's National People's Congress is Hong Kong's "mini-constitution"
legal system: mixed legal system of common law based on the English model and Chinese customary law
legislative system: unicameral Legislative Council
judicial system: Court of Final Appeal
religion: Buddhist, Taoist and Confucian majorities
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania