executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: Islamic presidential Republic
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: new constitution drafted 14 December 2003-4 January 2004; signed 16 January 2004
legal system: based on mixed civil and Shari'a law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
legislative system: bicameral, National Assembly consists of the Wolesi Jirga or House of People and the Meshrano Jirga or House of Elders
judicial system: the constitution establishes a nine-member Stera Mahkama or Supreme Court and subordinate High Courts and Appeals Courts;
religion: 80% Sunni Muslim, 19% Shi'a Muslim, 1% other
death row: about 750 (as of december 2017, according Vice Deputty Attorney General Office, Abdul Fatah Azizi )
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania