executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: theocracy
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: new constitution drafted 14 December 2003-4 January 2004; signed 16 January 2004; suspended by the Taliban after taking over the country in 2021
legal system: the Taliban is implementing its own interpretation of Islamic law, which partially based on the Hanifi school of Islamic jurisprudence; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: the Taliban Government has not announced the formation of a legislative branch
judicial system: the Taliban Government has a Supreme Court (number of judges, organizational structure, judge selection, and term of office NA) and many provincial-level courts, religious courts, and specialty courts
religion: Muslim 99.7% (Sunni 84.7 - 89.7%, Shia 10 - 15%), other <0.3% (2009 est.)
death row: about 750 (as of december 2017, according Vice Deputty Attorney General Office, Abdul Fatah Azizi )
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 3
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Death penalty for violent crimes





Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania