executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: August 1991, amended by the Parliament on 5 January 2016 (a constitutional referendum was held on 11 August 2016, but turnout was only 44%, below the 50% threshold required to validate the result)
legal system: based on common and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in an ad hoc constitutional council
legislative system: unicameral National Assembly
judicial system: Supreme Court, High Court
religion: Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%
death row: 170 (of which 168 male and two women, as of 27 April 2017, according to the Zambia Prisons Service)
year of last executions: 0-1-1997
death sentences:
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Death penalty for violent crimes


Abolition of the death penalty