executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: absolute monarchy
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: signed by the King in July 2005 went into effect on 8 February 2006
legal system: based on South African Roman-Dutch law in statutory courts and Swazi traditional law and custom in traditional courts
legislative system: bicameral Parliament (Libandla) consists of the Senate and the House of Assembly
judicial system: High Court, Supreme Court, judges for both are appointed by the monarch
religion: Zionist 40%, Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, other 30%
death row: 0
year of last executions: 0-0-1982
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: