executions in the world:

In 2019


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: republic
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 10 September 1990
legal system: based on Portuguese legal system and customary law
legislative system: unicameral National Assembly
judicial system: Supreme Court whose judges are appointed the National Assembly
religion: Catholic majority
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (signed only)

1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant (signed only)

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)(signed only)

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (signed only)

Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty) (only signed)

The Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe (1990) at Art. 21 states:(1990) at Art. 21 states: "Human life is inviolable. In no case shall there be the death penalty."
On December 18, 2008 and December 21st, 2010, Sao Tome and Principe co-sponsored and voted in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.