executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 12 March 1990; amended 1998, 2010, 2014
legal system: mixed legal system of uncodified civil law based on Roman-Dutch law and customary law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral Parliament consists of National Council and National Assembly
judicial system: Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and at least 3 judges in quorum sessions); High Court; Electoral Court, Labor Court; regional and district magistrates' courts; community courts
religion: Christian 97.5%, other 0.6% (includes Muslim, Baha'i, Jewish, Buddhist), unaffiliated 1.9% (2020 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: