executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: parliamentary constitutional monarchy
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 2 April 1993
legal system: based on English, Roman-Dutch law, judicial review of legislative acts in High Court and Court of Appeal
legislative system: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate and the Assembly
judicial system: High Court, Court of Appeal, Magistrate's Court, tribunals based on traditional practices
religion: Christian 80%, indigenous beliefs 20%
death row:
year of last executions: 25-11-1995
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: