executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: latest 2010; revised in 2020; suspended on 5 September 2021 via a coup d’etat; on 27 September, the Transitional Charter was released, which supersedes the constitution until a new constitution is promulgated
legal system: civil law system based on the French model; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: formerly the People's National Assembly; on 22 January 2022, an 81-member Transitional National Council was installed
judicial system: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (organized into Administrative Chamber and Civil, Penal, and Social Chamber; court consists of the first president, 2 chamber presidents, 10 councilors, the solicitor general, and NA deputies); Constitutional Court (suspended on 5 September 2021); Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; High Court of Justice or Cour d'Assises; Court of Account (Court of Auditors); Courts of First Instance (Tribunal de Premiere Instance); labor court; military tribunal; justices of the peace; specialized courts
religion: Muslim 89.1%, Christian 6.8%, animist 1.6%, other 0.1%, none 2.4% (2014 est.)
death row: 12 (end 2017)
year of last executions: 21-4-2001
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: