executions in the world:

In 2020


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: semi-presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: multiparty Constitution approved by referendum on 4 September 1992
legal system: based on French codes, traditional practices and Islamic law
legislative system: unicameral Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Députés)
judicial system: Supreme Court
religion: Muslim majority
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights

Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty)

Djibouti abolished the death penalty for all crimes in 1995, when the reformed Penal Code and Code of Penal Procedure came into force on January 1.  
Only one person had previously been sentenced to death, for a terrorist offence, and his sentence had been commuted to life imprisonment in 1993.
No executions have been reported in Djibouti since it gained independence from France on June 27, 1977.
On December 17, 2018, as in previous years, Djibouti abstained on the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.