government: republic; multiparty presidential regime established 1960
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: approved by referendum 23 July 2000
legal system: based on French law and customary norms
legislative system: unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale)
judicial system: Supreme Court
religion: Muslim 35-40%, indigenous 25-40%, Christian 20-30%
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty) (only signed)
Cote D’Ivoire’s new Constitution, approved by a national referendum held on July 23 and 24, 2000, provides for the abolition of the death penalty.
Article 2 of the Costitution stipulates that: “toute sanction tendant à la privation de la vie humaine est interdite” (“all penalties resulting in the deprivation of human life are prohibited”).
Under Ivorian law the Constitution takes precedence over penal law, thus courts can no longer hand down death sentences.
The new constitution also foresees the lowering of the voting age from 21 to 18 years, prohibits female genital mutilations, and safeguards other political and civil rights.
Côte d'Ivoire has been abolitionist in practice since its independence in 1960.
On 9 March 2015, the National Assembly of Côte d’Ivoire voted to definitely abolish the death penalty in the country. Following the adoption by the Government on 15 January 2015, the Parliament unanimously approved two bills amending the Criminal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code, and replacing the death penalty with life imprisonment. The complete abolition of the death penalty in Côte d’Ivoire put an end to 14 years of discrepancy between the Constitution, which had abolished capital punishment in 2000, and the criminal code still retaining it in numerous articles, though not applied because forbidden by the Constitution. The National Group of Parliamentarians for Global Action (PGA) in Côte d’Ivoire was strongly supportive of this development and voted in favour of those bills.
On December 19, 2016 the Côte d’Ivoire co-sponsored and voted in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly, as in previous years.
In 2007 it was absent during the vote.
On 29 September 2017, the Côte d’Ivoire voted in favour of the Resolution on the death penalty (L6/17) at the 36° session of the UN Council on Human Rights.
On 17 December 2018 the Côte d’Ivoire co-sponsored and voted in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.
On 16 December 2020 the Côte d’Ivoire voted in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly, as in previous years.