executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal parliamentary democracy (Parliament of Canada) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm; federal and state authorities and responsibilities regulated in constitution
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 17 April 1982; amended 11 times, last in 2011 (Fair Representation Act, 2011)
legal system: common law system except in Quebec, where civil law based on the French civil code prevails; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: bicameral Parliament (Parlement) consists of Senate (Senat) and House of Commons (Chambre des Communes)
judicial system: Supreme Court of Canada (consists of the chief justice and 8 judges); Federal Court of Appeal; Federal Court; Tax Court; federal administrative tribunals; Courts Martial; provincial superior, appeals, first instance, and specialized courts
religion: Christian 53.3%, Muslim 4.9%, Hindu 2.3%, Sikh 2.1%, Buddhist 1%, Jewish 0.9%, Traditional (North American Indigenous) 0.2%, other religions and traditional spirituality 0.6%, none 34.6% (2021 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:








United States of America and Canada