executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 20 January 1982; amended several times, last in 2021
legal system: civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: unicameral National Congress (Congreso Nacional)
judicial system: Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (15 principal judges, including the court president, and 6 alternates; court organized into civil, criminal, constitutional, and labor chambers); courts of appeal; courts of first instance; justices of the peace
religion: Evangelical/Protestant 48%, Roman Catholic 34%, other 1%, none 17% (2020 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



South America