executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: in transition
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: 16 May 1991; amended several times, last in 2009; conflict in 2015 interrupted draft of new constitution
legal system: mixed legal system of Islamic (sharia) law, Napoleonic law, English common law, and customary law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral Parliament (Majlis) consists of Shura Council (Majlis Alshoora) and House of Representatives (Majlis al Nuwaab)
judicial system: Supreme Court (consists of the court president, 2 deputies, and nearly 50 judges; court organized into constitutional, civil, commercial, family, administrative, criminal, military, and appeals scrutiny divisions); appeal courts; district or first instance courts; commercial courts
religion: Muslim 99.1% (official; virtually all are citizens, an estimated 65% are Sunni and 35% are Shia), other 0.9% (includes Jewish, Baha'i, Hindu, and Christian; many are refugees or temporary foreign residents) (2020 est.)
death row: approximately 1.000
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 66
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





The death penalty for political opponents


Crimes under Sharia law



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania