executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic; highly authoritarian
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: 8 December 1992; amended several times, last in 2023
legal system: civil law system; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral Supreme Assembly (Oliy Majlis) consists of Senate (Senat) and Legislative Chamber (Qonunchilik Palatasi)
judicial system: Supreme Court (consists of 67 judges organized into administrative, civil, criminal, and economic sections); Constitutional Court (consists of 7 judges); regional, district, city, and town courts
religion: Muslim 88% (mostly Sunni), Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania