executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federation of monarchies
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: May 1996; ammended 2009
legal system: mixed legal system of Islamic (sharia) law and civil law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: unicameral Federal National Council (FNC or Majlis al-Ittihad al-Watani)
judicial system: Federal Supreme Court (consists of the court president and 4 judges; jurisdiction limited to federal cases); Federal Court of Cassation (determines the constitutionality of laws promulgated at the federal and emirate level; federal level courts of first instance and appeals courts); the emirates of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Ra's al Khaymah have parallel court systems; the other 4 emirates have incorporated their courts into the federal system
religion: Muslim (official) 76%, Christian 9%, other (primarily Hindu and Buddhist, less than 5% of the population consists of Parsi, Baha'i, Druze, Sikh, Ahmadi, Ismaili, Dawoodi Bohra Muslim, and Jewish) 15% (2005 est.)
death row: at least 25 (up to the end of 2014, according to Amnesty International)
year of last executions: 6-12-2012
death sentences: 1
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Death penalty for violent crimes



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania