executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: costitutional monarchy
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 4 November 1875; revised 1988, 2016; amended many times, last in 2013
legal system: English common law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: Unicameral Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea)
judicial system: Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and a number of judges determined by the monarch); Supreme Court; Magistrates' Courts; Land Courts
religion: Protestant 64.1% (includes Free Wesleyan Church 35%, Free Church of Tonga 11.9%, Church of Tonga 6.8%, Assembly of God 2.3%, Seventh Day Adventist 2.2%, Tokaikolo Christian Church 1.6%, other 4.3%), Church of Jesus Christ 18.6%, Roman Catholic 14.2%, other 2.4%, none 0.5%, unspecified 0.1% (2016 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-1982
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:








Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania