executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: absolute monarchy
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: March 1, 1992 - Basic Law of Government, issued by royal decree, serves as the constitutional framework and is based on the Qur'an and the life and traditions of the Prophet Muhammad; Basic Law amended many times, last in 2017
legal system: Islamic (sharia) legal system with some elements of Egyptian, French, and customary law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: unicameral Consultative Council (Majlis al-Shura)
judicial system: High Court (consists of the court chief and organized into circuits with 3-judge panels, except for the criminal circuit, which has a 5-judge panel for cases involving major punishments); Court of Appeals; Specialized Criminal Court, first-degree courts composed of general, criminal, personal status, and commercial courts; Labor Court; a hierarchy of administrative courts
religion: Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-12% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2020 est.)
death row: 54 (Sources: Reprieve december 2018)
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 1
executions: 26
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Blood money


Death penalty for drug-related crimes


Death penalty for minors


Death penalty for terrorism


Death penalty for violent crimes





Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania