executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: absolute monarchy
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: promulgated by royal decree November 6, 1996 (the Basic Law of the Sultanate of Oman serves as the constitution); amended by royal decree in 2011, 2021
legal system: mixed legal system of Anglo-Saxon law and Islamic law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral Council of Oman (Majlis Oman) consists of Council of State (Majlis al-Dawla) and Consultative Council (Majlis al-Shura)
judicial system: Supreme Court (consists of 5 judges); Courts of Appeal; Administrative Court; Courts of First Instance; sharia courts; magistrates' courts; military courts
religion: Muslim 85.9%, Christian 6.4%, Hindu 5.7%, other and unaffiliated 2% (2020 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-2009
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania