executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: parliamentary republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: draft published by the president 30 June 2022, approved by referendum 25 July, and adopted 27 July
legal system: mixed legal system of civil law, based on the French civil code and Islamic (sharia) law; some judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court in joint session; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral legislature (enacted by the 2022 constitution) consists of the newly added National Council of Regions and Districts (Le Conseil National des regions et des districts) and the Assembly of Representatives of the People
judicial system: Court of Cassation (consists of the first president, chamber presidents, and magistrates and organized into 27 civil and 11 criminal chambers); Courts of Appeal; administrative courts; Court of Audit; Housing Court; courts of first instance; lower district courts; military courts
religion: Muslim (official; Sunni) 99%, other (includes Christian, Jewish, Shia Muslim, and Baha'i) <1%
death row: 77
year of last executions: 0-0-1991
death sentences: 4
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Death penalty for violent crimes