executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal parliamentary republic
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: adopted 1 August 2012 (provisional); in late December 2020, the president signed a decree blocking the approval of amendments
legal system: mixed legal system of civil law, Islamic (sharia) law, and customary law (referred to as Xeer); accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: bicameral Federal Parliament to consist of Senate and House of the People
judicial system: the provisional constitution stipulates the establishment of the Constitutional Court (consists of 5 judges, including the chief judge and deputy chief judge); federal courts; federal member state-level courts; military courts; sharia courts
religion: Sunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the 2012 Transitional Federal Charter)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 9
executions: 22
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Extra-judicial executions


Death penalty for non violent crimes


Death penalty for terrorism


Death penalty for violent crimes