executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: semi-presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 11 December 2010
legal system: civil law system based on the old French civil code and customary law in matters of marriage, family, and obligation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: bicameral Parliament consists of Senate (Antenimieran-Doholona) and National Assembly (Antenimierampirenena)
judicial system: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (consists of 11 members; addresses judicial administration issues only); High Constitutional Court or Haute Cour Constitutionnelle (consists of 9 members); High Court of Justice (consists of 11 members; addresses cases brought against the president of Madagascar and high officials for high treason, grave violations of the Constitution, or breach of duties incompatible with the exercise of the presidential mandate); Courts of Appeal; Court of Cassation; Courts of First Instance; military courts; traditional (dina) courts; Trade Court
religion: Church of Jesus Christ in Madagascar/Malagasy Lutheran Church/Anglican Church 34%, Roman Catholic 32.3%, other Christian 8.1%, traditional/Animist 1.7%, Muslim 1.4%, other 0.6%, none 21.9% (2021 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-1958
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: